Tag Archives: model

Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here

Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here

Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here
This is the 1942 Marconi 5 tube + Tuning Tube radio and it is simply gorgeous. This model 201 Marconi radio is very rare and certainly a collectors “must have”. This gorgeous radio is 13 long x 10 tall x 7 deep. The cabinet have a unique design and is in beautiful condition. I recently refinished the cabinet and it appears to be a nice walnut color. The radio displays its nice colors and has plenty of beautiful wood grains throughout. The top of the radio really catches the eye with notched in grooves down the center and sides. The big arched dial face is in excellent condition and the brass pointer works as it should. Additionally, this radio has the “Magic Tuning Eye” factory installed which indicate your signal strength as you are tuning for stations. The big large grill looks wonderful and has a new grill cloth. The three knobs have been cleaned and resealed. There is a new dial cover, new dial lamp, new AC Power cord, and new Filter/Audio capacitors installed. The 5 tubes plus the Tuning Eye have been tested and the remaining components were checked & replaced if needed. This is a wonderful example of the Canadian Radio Industry waiting for you to display in your favorite place in the home or office. The radio plays and receives stations very well. There are no issues. The speaker is in excellent condition and has very good volume, tone, and clarity. There is an Antenna pigtail at the rear of the radio that will need to be stretched out in order to receive and perform properly. Performance will vary depending on your signal strength and location. Thank you very much for stopping in! Please take a look at my other radio’s. The item “Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here” is in sale since Friday, March 1, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Radio, Phonograph, TV, Phone\Radios\Tube Radios\1930-49″. The seller is “davidh5533″ and is located in Brookfield, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States.
Vintage old wood antique tube radio Marconi model 201 Stunning piece here

Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT

Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT

Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT
Couldnt ask for a better Royal It is Gem mint. Please review all pictures Has not been tested. Any questions , come find me at Theantiquelantern. The item “Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT” is in sale since Monday, February 25, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Lamps, Lighting\Lamps\ Non-Electric\Kerosene”. The seller is “theantiquelantern” and is located in Vernon-Rockville, Connecticut. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Modified Item: No
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States

Antique Dietz Royal early flat top kerosene Tubular LANTERN model SUPER MINT

Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard

Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard

Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard
Here is a model 660 Western Electric card dialer telephone set that is in nice clean shape and is undamaged. The item “Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard” is in sale since Monday, May 1, 2017. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Radio, Phonograph, TV, Phone\Telephones\1940-69″. The seller is “oldphoneshop” and is located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Switzerland, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Bahamas, Uruguay.
Western Electric telephone Card Dialer model 660 antique telephone switchboard

Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored

Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored

Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored
This cabinet was in Imparatore Ford in Canonsburg Pa until they closed. The cabinet has recently been restored the chrome is in great shape. The lock for the slide up door is fully functional. The light and outlet have all new wiring and are fully functional. I have one very similar in my living room at the moment so I have decided I do not need two. I have switched things up a bit and added the gold emblems for a unique modern twist. The cabinet will come with the original tag that is pictured and a brand new blank tag. What you see is what you get, if you would like more photos just ask. If you are interested please call me 412-378-nine224 and we can discuss logistics. The item “Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored” is in sale since Sunday, December 16, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Advertising\Gas & Oil\Merchandise & Memorabilia\Cans & Buckets”. The seller is “joshotto94″ and is located in Monroeville, Pennsylvania. This item can’t be shipped, the buyer must pick up the item.
  • Brand: Alemtie
  • Modified Item: No
  • Date of Creation: 1948-1955
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States
  • Original/Reproduction: Original
  • Color: White

Antique Alemite Workstation Model 313350 Fully Restored

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have
This is the 1941 Zenith 6 tube radio and it is gorgeous. This is the popular model 6S527 and the size is 15.5″ long x 8.5″ tall x 7.5 deep. The cabinet is in beautiful condition and I just refinished it. There are very nice “faux” designed Walnut veneers along with very nice Maple inlays. A lot of colors and plenty of wood grains throughout. The top of this radio is stunning. The green and black dial face is in excellent condition being framed in and has the popular brass “Z” dial pointer. Additionally, there are 5 Push Buttons that are surrounded by a brass plate with the Zenith name. There are rounded corners and a very nice speaker grill. The three original “Z” Zenith knobs have been cleaned and resealed. A built in factory installed “Loop” antenna receives stations very well across the dial. There is a new dial cover, new dial lamp (2X), new AC Power cord, and new Filter/Audio capacitors installed. The 6 tubes have been tested and the remaining components were checked & replaced if needed. This is a wonderful example of the American Radio Industry waiting for you to display in your favorite place in the home or office. The radio plays and receives stations excellent with the built in “Loop” antenna. There are no issues. The speaker is in excellent condition and has very good volume, tone, and clarity. These models are excellent players and great lookers! Thank you very much for stopping in! Note: The last Push Button MUST be pushed in to allow for Tuning with the Tuning knob. Please take a look at my other radio’s I have listed. The item “Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have” is in sale since Sunday, January 6, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Radio, Phonograph, TV, Phone\Radios\Tube Radios\1930-49″. The seller is “davidh5533″ and is located in Brookfield, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States.
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A must have

Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915

Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915

Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915
The solid brass candy store design features ornate patterns on all 4 sides. There is a glass shelf at the top, and a marble shelf over the drawer. Affixed onto the under side of the drawer are 2 original paper certificates: 1. A guarantee letter from John H. Patterson, then President of NCR; 2. A list of 300 (size) models and patent dates. The register includes its 3 original keys. Is heard when a sale is made and the drawer opens. From the estate of Mr. Allyn became chairman of the board until he retired in 1961. Allyn who had the cash register professionally restored. 17.5H x 12W x 16D. The company thrives today as a publicly traded, global tech company. Please send us a message, and we will promptly reply. The item “Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915″ is in sale since Tuesday, July 26, 2016. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Banks, Registers & Vending\Cash Registers”. The seller is “supermall” and is located in Cincinnati, Ohio. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Brand: National Cash Register Company NCR
  • Original/Reproduction: Original
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States
  • Modified Item: No
  • Serial Number: 1533465
  • Size/Model: 317
  • Finish: A
  • Tracer: 6471
  • Dimensions: 17.5H x 12W x 16D

Antique NATIONAL CASH REGISTER Solid Brass Model 317. Paper certif on drawer. 1915

Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL

Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL

Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL
Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL. Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch Works (MMW20156). This is a rare original old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse and I believe it is a Model 90001 pocket watch. The watch is about 1 7/8″ across, 1/2″ thick and has Walt Disney Productions Made in U. Mickey’s arms are the indicators and there is a second ticker in place of the 6. This is a neat piece of Mickey Mouse memorabilia in very nice working condition. However, I believe it will need adjustment to keep the correct time. I have seen many of these listed on the web. I have only seen one or two with this particular configuration that includes the Mickey Mouse in a horse-shoe pattern and a round ring at the top. The case does have some scratches and wear commensurate with its age. The white background looks very clean and bright. Mickeys shoes are yellow and this color is light. Comes with soft/silky carry bag. This listing is from my personal collection. I will do the best I can to be accurate. Please look over the pictures carefully, ask for more pictures if needed and ask questions. The “SPECIAL” is simple. It is your offer that makes it SPECIAL. Please make a reasonable offer and own this! Like many older items. Some dirt/patina, nicks, spots, cuts, cracks. Discoloration, dents, holes, yellowing, scratches and worn. For the collector in you. My de-collecting is your win! A beautiful presentation and is unique. Look over the pictures and grab this one now for your Collection. It’s time for a new home. Let it be yours. If you believe you need to leave anything other than a 5 star 100% feedback, contact me and we WILL work it out. Here is what some of my clients have said. These are direct Feedback. Thank you for trusting me, David. Feedback from Clients over the last 6 months of 2014 and January 2015. One of best top 5 sellers, I’ve ever bought from. A pleasure to do business with. Nice item and well delivered. Authentic Dino Bone, Perfection! Nice packaging – “CHAMPION, ” Japanese Fly Rod. 1906 Gold Elgin Pocket Watch with Chain and Drum Fob. Wonderful pen, packaged very well, & arrived in beautiful condition. Sheaffer RARE TUCKAWAY, Fountain Pen. Rom April & May 2014 (Partial). Nice item good service. Thank you nice coin A+++++++++++++++. Good to do business with AAA. Great coin great service i thank you. Many thanks for A+ deal. Thank you, Wan Foo! Happy customer here item as described thanks. In our decades of ebaying the best shipper we’ve ever encountered. Very nice old book arrived very quickly in good condition. Great tin arrived quickly and just as described. THANK YOU fOR a NiCE C, 5 Star’s. If you use a company or personal check we hold the item(s) until the check clears. Feedback: We always leave Feedback as soon as possible. We ask that you do the same. We have and want to always maintain a 5 star 100% record. What some of our clients have said. Item as described!!! We will use the US Postal service unless you instruct us otherwise. Some items are large and clumsy. Others are small and simple. We will always be fair and appropriate. This covers proper and safe packing of your item(s) including bubble wrap where needed, etc. Larger items will have an amount attached to it or we will correspond with you and let you know the cost. We will do this as quickly as possible. For any other country arrangements will need to be made. Thank you for your understanding. Well, now it is time to divest myself of stuff. It is to your benefit. Check out my items and have fun collecting those things that you like. I will get back to you as quickly as I can and usually within the same day. We always leave Feedback as soon as possible. We have and want to always maintain a 5 star100% record. Track Page Views With. Auctiva’s FREE Counter. The item “Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL” is in sale since Thursday, June 25, 2015. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Disneyana\Vintage (Pre-1968)\Watches, Timepieces”. The seller is “wanfoo” and is located in Madison, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa rica, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Bahamas.
Rare Old Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Model 90001 Pocket Watch WORKS SPECIAL

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here
This is the 1941 Zenith 6 tube radio and it is gorgeous. This is the popular model 6S527 and the size is 15.5″ long x 8.5″ tall x 7.5 deep. The cabinet is in beautiful condition and I it looks to the original finish. All I did was buff it up a tad. There are very nice Walnut and Maple veneers along with very nice Maple inlays. A lot of colors and plenty of wood grains throughout. The top of this radio is also very nice to look at. The dial face is in excellent condition, framed in, and has the popular brass “Z” dial pointer. Additionally, there are 5 Push Buttons that are surrounded by a brass plate with the Zenith name. There are rounded corners and a very nice speaker grill. There are some light scratches on the right side of the cabinet. The three original “Z” Zenith knobs have been cleaned and resealed. A built in factory installed “Loop” antenna receives stations very well across the dial. There is a new dial cover, new dial lamp (2X), new AC Power cord, new dial cord, and new Filter/Audio capacitors installed. The 6 tubes have been tested and the remaining components were checked & replaced if needed. This is a wonderful example of the American Radio Industry waiting for you to display in your favorite place in the home or office. The radio plays and receives stations excellent with the built in “Loop” antenna. There are no issues. The speaker is in excellent condition and has very good volume, tone, and clarity. These models are excellent players and great lookers! Thank you very much for stopping in! Note: The last Push Button MUST be pushed in to allow for Tuning with the Tuning knob. Please look at my other radio’s I have listed. Note: I will be out of town till the 12th of December. The item “Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here” is in sale since Sunday, December 2, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Radio, Phonograph, TV, Phone\Radios\Tube Radios\1930-49″. The seller is “davidh5533″ and is located in Brookfield, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Brand: Zenith
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States

Vintage old wood antique tube radio ZENITH model 6S527 A real Gem here

Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper

Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper

Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper
A professionally restored antique copper model 311 cash register. Indicator flags refinished, new key checks. All wood refinished, nickle plated drawer rails, bill weight, lid prop. The item “Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper” is in sale since Saturday, December 23, 2017. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Banks, Registers & Vending\Cash Registers”. The seller is “dep” and is located in Pacoima, California. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Original/Reproduction: Original
  • Brand: NCR

Model 311 professionally restored NCR cash register antique copper

Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)

Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)

Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)
We reject the idea that vintage has to mean, rusty, scratched, dirty or untested. Note: Many have been at least tested for functionality as noted – MOST HAVE NOT BEEN RESTORED unless specifically noted. CONDITION NOTES: Radio presents well though cabinet retains original finish in good condition but some flaking and small rear edge chips. Complete chassis with correct Z-knobs; original grill cloth; tested – lights up but no reception, no sound but the transformer works. Good for restoration to very nice example. CHASSIS: All American 6 tube, superhet – 6A8G, 6K7G, 6H6G, 6F5G, 6F6G, 5Y4G. DIMENSIONS: 14″x 11″x 10; about 15lbs. Please review all photos – they are part of the description. All tube radios are subject to background interference of electronics in your home environment so reception and playing quality may vary depending on location in your home and antenna use. Please continue to check back – I will be listing Zenith, GE, and Emerson radios later in the week. This dispute will be closed within 4 days after being opened and the item will be re-listed. These are the only return conditions we follow. PLEASE NOTE: When tested, tuning knobs did not turn the tuner when tested so some sort of loose belt/tuner issue for restoration. The item “BEAUTIFUL C. 1937 ZENITH MODEL 6-S-222 CUBE 3-BAND RADIO (1074-1)” is in sale since Saturday, November 17, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Radio, Phonograph, TV, Phone\Radios\Tube Radios\1930-49″. The seller is “back_in_timemachines” and is located in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States
  • Brand: Zenith

Beautiful C. 1937 Zenith Model 6-s-222 Cube 3-band Radio (1074-1)